Henry James, Sr.
Writer, thinker and follower of Swedenborg's TeachingsHenry James, senior (1811-1882). American writer and thinker and follower of Swedenborg’s teachings. He first became attracted to Swedenborg’s teachings while in England during the early 1840s when he suffered what was probably a nervous breakdown and was recommended to read Swedenborg. He identified his own crisis as what Swedenborg calls a ‘vastation’. Author of Substance and Shadow, The Secret of Swedenborg and other works. In England he formed a life-long friendship with Garth Wilkinson. He was also a close friend of Emerson. He was the father of the philosopher William James and of Henry James the novelist. Henry James, junior was a Vice-President of the International Swedenborg Congress held in London in 1910 to celebrate the centenary of the Swedenborg Society. Reference: Alfred Habegger, The Father: A Life of Henry James, senior (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 1994).